Safe compliance with the statutory emission limits is ensured by a downstream flue gas cleaning system. Semi-dry or dry process variants are used. Calcium hydroxide Ca(OH)2, calcium oxide CaO or sodium bicarbonate NaHCO3 are introduced into the flue gas as additives to absorb the acidic gas components. Alternatively, wet processes can also be used.
Heavy metals and organic substances such as dioxins and furans are separated by adsorption on mill-activated lignite coke or activated carbon. Fabric filters, electrostatic precipitators or cyclones provide the necessary particle separation. The fabric filter in particular, which is preferably used, guarantees minimum dust emissions as well as, the lowest pollutant concentrations in the clean gas through intensive separation and adsorption processes in the filter cake. The flue gases are optionally denitrified by means of an SNCR process (Selective Non Catalytic Reduction) or an SCR process (Selective Catalytic Reduction).